Who is Victim?
No one wants to get ill. Yet, we see around us many people suffering from different health problems. Temporary illness comes and goes, but an obstinate disease requires proper care and treatment. If you have been suffering from a disease for an extended period, then Ayurveda is the ultimate destination for you!
Ayurvedic Perspective of Disease
Ayurveda describes the state of disease as Vikriti opposite to Prakriti (the nature of constitution). Implying the Tridosha theory, it says that every person must have a proper ‘balance’ of three fundamental forces described as Pitta, Vata and Kapha.
The Prakriti of each individual is determined when he or she is born, and it depends on his or her mental state as well. When one dosha becomes ‘dominant’ in a person, it gives birth to a certain type of problems. Improper diet and habits make the situation worse, and the concerned person gets sick.
The Karma Theory
Ayurveda also propounds a theory of Karma, according to which one of the reasons for disease is the deeds and misdeeds of previous births. Thus, it is not possible to analyze this aspect of disease on the material basis.
What Disease Does to Concerned Person?
A diseased person eventually loses the proper balance of body constituents, mind constituents, spiritual constituents and social constituents. If one or two constituents are lost, the person is regarded partially ill. On the contrary, losing all constituents connotes for complete illness.
The Role of Tridoshas
Ayurveda has another theory called svabhavoparamavada, which states that every individual is prone to move towards self-healing and balance. A person is diseased when any deviation occurs in obtaining this balance. Living a clean, simple, and natural life ensures movement in the direction of health rather than the disease. Therefore, it is evident that doshas serve as agents of disease.
The Universal Loka-Purusha Smaya
There is another theory known as Loka-Purusha Samya, which offers a broad concept of disease. It suggests that the whole universe (Loka) and the human being (Purusha) come under the same law of nature, and it covers the largest and smallest form of creation.
This theory makes a never-ending interaction between man and universe. Since the conditions keep changing in both, it builds a dynamic harmony, which is regarded as health. When an intolerable deviation occurs between man and nature, harmony is gone, and the concerned person is diseased.